According to a UN report, about 1.4 million people have fled Sudan since civil war first broke out.

Sudan - Rapid News GH

According to a new assessment released by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on Sunday, nearly 1.4 million people have been forced from their homes in Sudan since fighting between two opposing generals broke out in April.

Years of political instability have caused Sudan to have several million internally displaced persons even before the violence got worse. According to UNHCR figures, the nation also took in 1.13 million refugees from other nations that were embroiled in violence, such as South Sudan, Eritrea, and Syria.

A new wave of individuals have been compelled to flee their homes due to the recent outbreak of violence, either by moving elsewhere in Sudan or by crossing into neighboring nations.

The latest estimate included data from numerous UN organizations.

According to the UN’s International Organization for Migration (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix, as of May 23, more than 1 million people had been displaced within the nation since conflict started on April 15.

In just over five weeks (15 April to 23 May), “the number of newly internally displaced persons (IDPs) is comparable to that recorded for all displacement in the country from 2020 to 2022,” according to the announcement.

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), a further 345,000 people had fled Sudan into nearby nations like Egypt, Chad, and Ethiopia as of May 26.

The UN Population Fund reported that amid the widespread displacement, there have been more complaints of interpersonal abuse and gender-based violence, particularly among internally displaced Sudanese people.

According to Pramila Patten, the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in war, reports of “sexual violence against women and girls, including allegations of rape, committed by the parties to the conflict,” have also been recorded.

The Rapid Support Forces (RSF), a rival force of the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), are the parties to the ongoing conflict. Despite the agreement for a seven-day ceasefire, which began on May 22, mediated by Saudi Arabia and the United States, fighting has persisted.

With the ceasefire scheduled to expire on Monday, there are worries about additional escalation.

Despite being only 22 years old, Mastiura Ishakh Yousouff has spent the majority of her life in the Darfur region of Sudan.

Many families have risked dangerous journeys from the capital Khartoum and other parts of Sudan because they have been left to fend for themselves or flee to nearby impoverished countries as thousands of foreign nationals have fled the country as Western and regional powers intervened to evacuate their own citizens.

According to Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health, at least 730 people have died and about 5,500 have been injured as of May 23.

According to the UN, at least eight medical professionals and eight assistance workers have died since the violence started.

According to a separate count recorded by the Preliminary Committee of the Sudan Doctors’ Union, at least 850 people have died and about 3,400 have been injured.

According to a UN announcement, deadly attacks have been reported across the war-torn nation. Civilian facilities have also reportedly been damaged, and there have been allegations of looting and the sighting of unexploded bombs in populated areas.

Since April 15, at least 38 attacks have occurred in Sudan against medical facilities, according to the World Health Organization. This includes, among other things, 22 attacks on medical facilities, six attacks on warehouses, and nine attacks on supplies.

WHO claimed that in East Darfur, more than 30 infants, including six newborns, perished in a hospital in Ad Du’ayn as a result of issues such as a shortage of oxygen and an energy blackout.

The UN said that there have been reports of looted homes, schools, banks, government buildings, and humanitarian locations in the western Sudanese town of Zalingi.

In addition, “water and electricity services have been disconnected, and telecommunication services have been disrupted,” the statement said.

According to the UN Mine Action Service, there are also an increasing number of reports of unexploded ordnance in buildings, roadways, and roadsides in Khartoum and other metropolitan areas in Sudan.

According to the UN, transportation and security issues make it difficult to get relief goods to the places where they are most needed.

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